Historical constructions subjected to degradation and extreme loads: Advanced experimental and numerical assessment


Milani Gabriele Milani

Gabriele Milani

Politecnico di Milano, Italy

Clementi Francesco Clementi

Francesco Clementi

Università Politecnica delle Marche, Italy

Formisano Antonio Formisano

Antonio Formisano

University of Naples Federico II, Italy

Ghosh Siddhartha Ghosh

Siddhartha Ghosh

Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, India


Historical constructions constitute a very important component of the cultural heritage asset worldwide. In the majority of the cases, such structures are made in masonry or timber, but there are also some examples of steel and concrete constructions. Generally, they show a certain robustness against environmental and other causes of deterioration but after centuries of being built, they may exhibit signs of ageing, which can be responsible for sudden failures. On the other hand, extreme events (such as earthquakes, floods and storms) are particularly dangerous for such kind of structures, because not designed to withstand the aforementioned loads. In this context, a continuous safety assessment is seen as necessary for revenue earning through their touristic, infrastructural, and educational use.

The overall objective of this Special Session is to exchange ideas and new research trends towards the continuous assessment, conservation and re-functionalization of historical structures. Topics of interest of the SS are -among the others- (i) high-definition surveying and BIM, (ii) advanced numerical analyses, (iii) load testing and monitoring of structures, and (iv) IoT-based long-term monitoring.


Gabriele Milani, in Structural Mechanics, Department ABC Politecnico di Milano (from Nov 2019).
Author of more than 600 SCIENTIFIC PUBLICATIONS, including about 300 articles in international journals, 18 book chapters,17 editorials, 3 book, >10000 citation, H-INDEX: 58 (Scopus 28/01/2024).
PhD (with honors) in Civil and Industrial Engineering, University of Ferrara Italy.
Master of Sciences in Civil Engineering (110/110 cum laude) University of Ferrara Italy.
Visiting professor EPFL, Univ. Newcastle (UK), Yangzhou University (PRC).

  • Most Cited Author Diploma, Computers & Structures, Years 2006-2010.
  • Telford Premium Award, by the UK Institution of Civil Engineers.
  • Nomination ECCOMAS Zienkiewicz Award 2014.
  • K.J. Bathe Award 2014.
  • Chair Professor year 2019-2020: Yangzhou University, China.


  • Advanced masonry modelling for curved structure.
  • Seismic and dissipative devices for low rise masonry buildings.
  • Experimentation on masonry and seismic isolation.
  • Earthquake engineering.
  • Adaptive kinematic limit analysis with NURBS and classic FEs.
  • Genetic algorithms (GA) and meta heuristic approaches.
  • Sequential quadratic and linear programming.
  • Homogenisation theory.
  • Rubber vulcanization.

Francesco Clementi, he graduated with honors in Civil Engineering at Polytechnic University of Marche in 2005. He obtained the PhD Degree in “Architecture, Buildings and Structures” at the same University during the academic year 2008-2009. He is Associate Professor in “Structural Mechanics” at the Faculty of Engineering of the Polytechnic University of Marche (Ancona) from 2019. He has developed research and teaching activities at the Universities of Ancona, Camerino, Lublin (Poland) and Sao Paulo (Brazil). His research interests focus on composite materials, both from a theoretical and from a practical point of view (i.e., for strengthening of existing buildings), earthquake engineering, masonry, fracture mechanics, beams and laminates modelling.

Antonio Formisano, is an Associate Professor of Structural Design at the University of Naples Federico II. Licensed to the role of Full Professor since 2021, his research activity deals with historical and cultural heritage buildings, metal structures, seismic retrofitting, robustness, and sustainability. He has participated in several research projects and is the author of more than 450 publications published into international journals and conference proceedings, where he has participated as a chairman and speaker. He is and has been involved in several standard committees on metal structures and cultural heritage. His records on Scopus are as follows: 239 documents, 3330 citations, H-index: 34 (last updated on 27/04/2023).

Siddhartha Ghosh, PhD: University of Michigan, USA (2003) Teaching & Research Experience: 17 years at IIT Bombay 1 year at ETH Zurich 2 months in Univ. of Michigan.
Research Focus:

  • Masonry arch-vault-dome.
  • Structural reliability.
  • Earthquake engineering.
  • Form finding.
  • Life-cycle management.
  • Steel structures.
  • Structural health monitoring.
  • Bayesian inference.
  • Optimization.

Professional Association: Member: International Association of Bridge Maintenance & Safety (IABMAS) Member: Editorial board of International Journal of Masonry Research & Innovation (IJMRI) Member: Earthquake Engineering Research Institute (EERI) Executive Member: Indian Society of Earthquake Technology (ISET) Member: Core committee of Joint Working Group, Ministry of Steel, India Expert advisor: Atomic Energy Regulatory Board (AERB), India Member: CED7 on Steel Structure, Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS).