Carmelo Carmelo Scuro

Innovations in monitoring systems using mathematical models based on Partial Differential Equations (PDEs)

Carmelo Scuro

Department of Physics, University of Calabria, Italy

ABSTRACT

The ongoing development of monitoring systems represents a key step in environmental conservation and the preservation of masonry structures constituting cultural heritage. The implementation of such systems allows for constant and timely surveillance, enabling the identification of potential environmental risks and the monitoring of the structural health of architectural works over time. These advanced monitoring systems provide a detailed overview of the structural behavior of constructions, facilitating preventive interventions before any damages become irreversible. In the context of masonry structures within cultural heritage, often susceptible to deterioration caused by atmospheric, seismic, or other environmental factors, the ability to detect early variations in structural stability is of vital importance. The adoption of advanced technologies, such as accelerometers and other monitoring devices, allows for real-time data collection, providing an accurate understanding of conditions to prevent and monitor potential natural environmental risks such as fires and floods. This not only contributes to damage prevention and the preservation of territorial integrity but also plays a crucial role in preserving human lives. A significant improvement in this technology has been achieved in recent years through the implementation of cyber-physical systems based on mathematical models based on partial differential equations and genetic algorithms. These advancements enable real-time crack localization, the early detection of forest wildfires, and the possible flood of rivers, enhancing the overall effectiveness of monitoring systems.

SPEAKER BIOGRAPHY

Carmelo Scuro is a Mathematical Physics research at the University of Calabria and works at Physics, Environmental Engineering departments and Department of Computer Engineering, Modelling, Electronics and Systems Engineering. He received the master's degree in Building engineering and the Ph.D. degree in "science and engineering of the environment construction and energy" at the University of Calabria, Rende, Italy, in 2012 and 2017, respectively. He has authored and co-authored over 95 papers published in international journals and conference proceedings and several book chapters. He is Reviewer of international journals. His current research interests include the analysis of the fracture in the brittle materials through the use of acoustic emissions and structural monitoring systems based on the IoT paradigm, numerical analysis, micro-tomography, 3-D printing, Genetic Algorithm, Math Modeling, PDE and Mathematical Physics. In 2023 at the international Metrology for Living Environment, he won the ‘Best Conference Paper Award ’ for the design of a monitoring system based on the implementation of mathematical models for the prediction of wildfire propagations. Carmelo Scuro is member of INdAM (National Institute of Higher Mathematics Francesco Severi) – GNFM (National Mathematical Physics Group). Section of Continuum Mechanics. In is career he was visiting Researcher at Bergische Universität Wuppertal, Fakultät für Mathematik und Naturwissenschaften IMACM, Wuppertal, Germany in 2021 and ISIS Neutron and Muon Source, STFC (Science and Technology Facilities Council) Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, IMAT neutron imaging beamline, Harwell Campus, Didcot, Oxford, UK in 2017.

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